September 06, 2012


Mathematician who first used probability inductively and established a mathematical basis for probability inference (a means of calculating, from the number of times an event has not occured, ,the probability that it will occur in future trials).

He set down his findings on probability in Essay Towards Solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances (1763), published posthumously in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London.

The only works he is known to have published in his lifetime are Divine Benevolence, or an Attempt to Prove That the Principal End of the Divine Providence and Government Is the Happiness of His Creatures (1731) and An Introduction to the Doctrine of Fluxions, and a Defense of the Mathematicians Against the Objections of the Author of the Analyst (1736), which countered the attacks by Bishop Berkeley on the logical foundations of Newton´s calculus.

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