Ruled in Walachia from the 14th to the 17th century.
Basarab I (d. 1352) temporarily secured his principality´s independence by defeating the Hungarians in the Battle of Posada in 1330.
Mircea the Old (Mircea cel Batrin; reigned 1386-1418) had to recognize the suzerainty of the Ottoman Turks.
Vlad the Devil (Vlad Dracul, reigned 1436-47) and Vald IV the Impaler (Vlad Tepes; reigned 1456-62 and 1476-77) became notorius for their cruel depravities.
Neagoe (reigned 1512-21) patronized the arts and sponsored the building of the cathedral at Curtea de Arges.
Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul; reigned 1593-1601) the most illustrious of the Basarabs, briefly united all the Romanian lands by conquering first Transylvania, then Moldavia.
Matei Basarab (reigned 1632-54) introduced the printing press (1634), the first codification of Walachian law (1652) and the liberal endowment of art and religion.
The male line of the Basarabs died out with his successor, Constantin Serban in 1658.